Republic of India
The history of India deals with numerous legendary stories that have occurred since the the country has been age’ing. The nation which was once known as the “Golden bird”(Sone ki chidiya) of the world just because of the remains and deposits of gold.
The country possesses the tag of being one of the oldest yet strongest civilisations around the globe.This was initiated by “Indus Valley Civilisation” which took place in around 3300BCE in the Indus valley. The image below depicts roughly about how it used to be at that time.
It’s quite shocking to see how people have been constructing homes since then.
Afterwards, the nation got introduced to the spiritual origins by the aryans where the language Sanskrit was originated in around 17500BCE to 500BCE. During this phase of life, cultural and moral values were rooted deepened into the society teaching people about the spiritual system and thus VEDA’S were introduced into the system.There are four types of Veda’s which were written in sanskrit and could be named as :
Moving forward, India experienced second phase of urbanisation during (600BCE-200BCE). The nation faced multiple divisions upon the basis of states controlled by the almighty rulers. There were about 16 clans in total during the mentioned era.
Second phase of urbanisation gifted two new religions to the society:
History was written when The great Ashoka came into the picture. Small dynasties were taken over and uncovered land was captured. This was the time when India had one single ruler controlling different parts of the country. This hedge was started by the “Chandragupta Maurya”.The image below carries wonderful presentation of the great ruler also the area controlled by his dynasty.
The shaded part in red colour depicts the maurya’s reign.
The image above is quite rare & is captured by hand art belonging to the great ruler
“Chandragupta Maurya” .
Since the stone age, this country has faced a number of modifications in society, lifestyle, work styles and many more. A stagnant rate of growth is witnessed since then. The Guptans witnessed a very long period of their reign since the AD(After Death) began to count the life of earth.
It is said in India that “Rulers must change their ruling style otherwise they won’t last” and so happened when the Mughals entered the country taking over the metropolitans and urbanised areas from the Indian rulers. Their strength and count was far more.
This led to the formation of “Mughal Sultanate” in India.In 1526,Babur, a Timurid descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan from Fergana Valley (modern day Uzbekistan), swept across the Khyber Pass and established the Mughal Empire, which at its zenith covered modern day Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh.
In 1617 the British East India Company was given permission by Mughal Emperor Jahangir to trade in India.Gradually their increasing influence led the de jure Mughal emperor Farrukh Siyar to grant them dastaks or permits for duty-free trade in Bengal in 1717.
“Red Fort”, Central commanding state based in Delhi.
The early 18th century saw the rise of Maratha suzerainty over the Indian subcontinent. Under the Peshwas, the Maratha Empire consolidated and ruled over much of South Asia. The Marathas are credited to a large extent for ending the Mughal rule in India.
A relief from Mughal sultanate was evidenced whereas on other hand the British company and regiment started to flatter their wings in the Indian markets and society. Colliding with the great rulers, britishers almost ran the whole country with their influence and was observed that the country slowly and steadily moved under their control. After facing a rebel against so many dynasty’s and emperors, this was yet to come in the way of the great country to set free.
East India Company recruited many Indians as soldiers in their army which were also set to serve in world war II.
This image shows, an Indian serving British army.
Moving forward, this didn’t last more than 200 years when the citizens of the country realised about being independent and not to work for any of the rulers and emperors anymore. This led to ignite the spirit to set India free from any sort of ruler. The revolution took place against britishers. In 1947, India got the independence from British rule:
Image is a cut out piece from The times of India which was published on 15th of august’1947.
After facing so much, finally the people were rewarded with a liberal constitution and an independent state securing every rights of the citizens of the country. Since then, the country has began to move forward in the age of modern era where the kingdoms have drowned and economies are believed to grow.
If excavated, history of India can be a vast source of knowledge and experiences. This is just written for knowledge purposes in a brief state where one could have an idea about the past of One of fastest growing economies of the world.